What is anesthesia?
Anesthesia is a way to control the pain, which occurs during the surgery or procedure by using the medicine called anesthetics. It is capable in controlling patient’s breathing, blood pressure, blood flow, heart rate and rhythm. Moreover anesthesia may also be used for:
- Relax you.
- Block pain.
- Make you sleepy or forgetful.
- Make you unconscious for your surgery.
Beside this other medicines are also used along with anesthesia, either to relax you or to reverse the effects of anesthesia.
Different types of anesthesia?
Local Anesthesia:it is usually used for minor procedure, and can only numb the small part of the body. For e.g. you may a small shot of anesthesia directly into the surgical area to block the main. You may stay awake during the procedure. It is commonly used by dentists.
Regional Anesthesia: helps in freezing a large body. This anesthetic shot is mixed with a medicine to help you relax or sleep. Well there are two different types of regional anesthesia:
- Peripheral nerve blocks: This is a shot of anesthetic to block pain around a specific nerve or group of nerves. Usually injected for procedures related to hands, arms, feet, legs or face.
- Epidural and spinal anesthesia: This shot is given near the spinal cord and connecting nerves.
It blocks the pain from an entire region of the body, such as the belly, hips, or legs.
General Anesthesia: this affects your brain and the rest of your body. These anesthetics are given through veins. With general anesthesia, you’re unconscious and you don’t feel pain during the surgery. Its dosage is given in a very calculated manner.
What determines the type of anesthesia used?
Well the type of anesthesia to be given to the patient depends on several things like Past and current health condition.It will be good that you share all the information regarding your previous medical history like past surgeries, any severe medical condition like heart disease, diabetes, etc. so that they can proceed accordingly.
Beside this you should also make sure that you opt for the best surgeon for all your anesthesia management solutions.